Wetland Restoration

A wetland is a distinct land area that is saturated or flooded with water either permanently or seasonally. Wetlands are among the most important types of ecosystems.

Types of wetlands:

  • • Inland wetlands: marshes, lakes, rivers, floodplains, and swamps
  • • Coastal wetlands: saltwater marshes, estuaries, mangroves, lagoons and coral reefs
  • • Human-made wetlands: Fish ponds, rice paddies and salt pans

Why wetlands are essential for human lives and biodiversity?

  • • They provide most of the freshwater
  • • They store more carbon than forests
  • • They help us cope with storms and flooding

Why wetland restoration?

  • • They are being lost three times faster than forests
  • • Human activities are driving degradation
  • • Their species are facing extinction

Best practices for wetland restoration:

  • • Restore- multiple benefits
  • • Create a self-sustaining wetland
  • • Limit the causes of degradation
  • • Clean up the degraded area
  • • Restore native flora and fauna