A wetland is a distinct land area that is saturated or flooded with water either permanently or seasonally. Wetlands are among the most important types of ecosystems.
Types of wetlands:
- • Inland wetlands: marshes, lakes, rivers, floodplains, and swamps
- • Coastal wetlands: saltwater marshes, estuaries, mangroves, lagoons and coral reefs
- • Human-made wetlands: Fish ponds, rice paddies and salt pans
Why wetlands are essential for human lives and biodiversity?
- • They provide most of the freshwater
- • They store more carbon than forests
- • They help us cope with storms and flooding
Why wetland restoration?
- • They are being lost three times faster than forests
- • Human activities are driving degradation
- • Their species are facing extinction
Best practices for wetland restoration:
- • Restore- multiple benefits
- • Create a self-sustaining wetland
- • Limit the causes of degradation
- • Clean up the degraded area
- • Restore native flora and fauna